Effect Of Insecurity Of Security Officers On Nigeria Economic Prospect

  • Popoola Mufutau Akanmu ( PhD)Department of Business and Entrepreneurship, Kwara state university, Malete, Nigeria
  • Simba Popoola Lateef National Open university of Nigeria. (3) SHITTU Muili Olawale, National Open university of Nigeria
  • SHITTU Muili Olawale National Open university of Nigeria
Keywords: Economic Prospect, Human Security, Insecurity and Security.


This study examined the effect of insecurity of security officers on economic prospect in Nigeria. This work seeks to explain the meaning of security, insecurity, types of security, causes of insecurity of security officers and its effect on Nigeria economic prospect. The security officials in which  their statutory assignments are to secure life and properties of the citizens and aliens are to be firstly safe in order to discharge their duties diligently. Therefore a random sampling through distribution of 130 questionnaire to respondents. Also, secondary data such as relevant books, news papers, research articles and government publications in Nigeria were adopted. After the data analysis conducted, the findings testified that insecurity of security officials is evident in Nigeria as a result of many identified factors responsible for their insecurity which hindered Nigeria economic prospect as a result of discouragement cause to both existing and prospective investors locally and internationally, it also led to displacement of investors from crisis zone to peaceful area, sometimes led to relocation of industry to security assured country. After rigorous findings, this research concludes and recommended that, the government, civil society and every arms of the society must take a proactive approach to ensure that the safety of every security officials in Nigeria is given needed attention in order to address the issue.


Download data is not yet available.


Achumba, I. C., Ighomereho, O. S. and Akpan-Robaro, M. O. (2013).Security Challenges in Nigeria and the Implications for Business Activities and Sustainable Development, Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development, Volume 4, Issue 2,79-99.
Adagba, O., Ugwu, S. C. and Eme, O. I. (2012).Activities of Boko-Haram and Insecurity Question in Nigeria. Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, Volume 1, Issue 9, 77-99.
Adeboyejo, T. A. (1994).”Man’s Physical Environment System”, in S. K. Balogun(Ed) Basic Concepts in Security, Government and Economy, Ibadan: Sam Bookman.
Adekanye, J. B. (1990).Election in Nigeria: Problems, Strategies and Options, Nigeria Journal of Electoral Band Political Behavior, Volume1, Issue 1.
Ali, A. D. (2013).Security and Economic Development in Nigeria Since 1960.Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, Volume 2, Issue 6, 1-7.
Beland, D. (2005).The Political Construction of collective Insecurity: From Moral Panic to Blame Avoidance and Organized Irresponsibility, Center for European Studies, Working Paper Series 126.
Bright, E. O. (2018).Insecurity and Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Diagnostic Review. European Scientific Journal, February, 2018 Edition, Volume 14, Issue 4.
Chukwuma, C. S. (2006).Can Nigeria be the China of Africa? Lagos: Adegozo Ltd.
Constitution of Nigeria,1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Daniel, O. E.(2001).Perspective on Stable Democracy for Nigerian.Lagos Muhamsad Commercial Press.
Egbefor, D. O. and Salihu, H. A. (2014).Internal Security Crisis in Nigeria: Causes, Types, Effects and Solution.International Journal of Arts and Humanities (IJAH).Bahir Dar-Ethiopia, Volume 3, Issue 4,S/No12, September,2014:176-195.
Emeka, M., Kingsley, O., Okey, N., Ben, A. and Abel, D. (2013).Tension in Nasarawa: 100 Police, DSS Officers Missing in Lafia, Retrieved on June 6th, 2020,from https://www.vanguardngr.com.
Global Peace Index “GPI”(2012).Global Peace Ranking Institute for Economic and Peace, Retrieved from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.
Hazen,J. M. and Horner, J. (2007).Small Arms, Arms Violence and Insecurity in Nigeria: The Niger Delta in Perspective Swizerland Small Arms Survey.
IACP, Leadership in Police Organizations, Chapter 30, 2003. Arrington, R. (1983).”A Defence of Ethical Relativism” .Metaphilosophy 14:225-239.
Igbuzor, O. (2011).Peace and Security Education: A Critical Factor for Sustainable Peace and National Development. International Journal of Peace and Development Studies, Volume2, Issue 1, 1-7.
Jibrin, I. (2006).Legislation and the Electoral Process: The Term Agenda and the Future of Nigerian Democracy. Lagos Panof Press.
Kasali, M. A. (2003).The Pacific Settlement of International Disputes in International Law: Origin Dynamics of Diplomatic-Legal Maneuverings to Bakassi Question. Unpublished M.Sc. Dissertation: University Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Monsuru, A. K., Abioye, M. A. and Agbebaku, P. E. (2013).CSS 643: Principles of Security Practice and Management. National Open University of Nigeria.ISBN:978-058-147-2.
Nwafor, S. (2019).Gunmen Kill Three Police Officers, attack Convoy of Nasarawa Governor, Retrieved June 6th, 2020 From https://www.vanguardngr.com.
Nwanegbo, C. J. and Odigbo, J. (2013).Security and National Development in Nigeria: The Threat of Boko-Haram. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, Volume 3, Issue 4, 285-291.
Oche, O. (2001).Democratization and the Management of African Security, In Akindele, R. and Ate, B. (EDS) in Nigerian Journal of International Affairs, Volume13, Issue 1, Lagos, NIIA.

Okonkwo, R. I., Ndubusi, O. P. and Threasa, A. (2015).Security Challenges and the Implications for Business Activities in Nigeria: A Critical Review. Journal of Policy and Development Studies, Volume 9, Issue 2, February, 2015.
Olabanji, O. E. and Eze, U. (2014).Insecurity and Socio-Economic Development in Nigeria, Journal of Sustainable Development Studies,Volume5, Issue 1,2014,40-63.
Olarewaju, K. (2020).Nigeria: 8 Police, 1 Civilian Killed in Robbery Attack. Retrieved on 6thJune, 2020 at https://www.aa.com.tr>africa>nig.
Omoyibo, K. U. and Akpomera, E. (2013).Insecurity Mantra: The Paradox of Nigeria Growth and Development. European Scientific Journal, Volume 8, Issue 15,132-142.
Samuel, O. (2018).Remains of Many Police Officers Killed by Zamfara Bandits Yet to be Retrieved. https://www.premiumtimeasng.com.
South African White Paper on Defence (1996).Pretoria: Department of Defence, South Africa.
Tickner, J. A. (1994).”RE-Visioning Security” in Ken Booth and Steve, Smiths (EDS),International Relation Theory Today.
How to Cite
Akanmu, P., Lateef, S. P., & Olawale, S. M. (2020). Effect Of Insecurity Of Security Officers On Nigeria Economic Prospect. Journal of Marketing and HR, 10(1), 1-13. Retrieved from http://www.scitecresearch.com/journals/index.php/jmhr/article/view/1912