Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act (IPRA) of 1997: A Standpoint from Selected Higher Education Institutions in Nueva Ecija After 20 Years

Keywords: Indigenous Peoples, Awareness, Higher Education Institutions, Indigenous People's Rights, Indigenous Cultural Communities.


The focus of this study is to determine the awareness of employees and students of Higher Education Institutions in Nueva Ecija on the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA) of 1997 twenty years after its implementation. The instruments used are survey questionnaires supplemented by interview, and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The study found that most HEI’s in the Province of Nueva Ecija are not aware on the concerns of Indigenous Cultural Communities (ICCs)/ Indigenous Peoples (IPs). Likewise, no suitable office or center is provided by HEIs to cater to the educational needs of the ICCs/IPs. Most of the HEI employees and students are not aware on the IPRA of 1997 as shown by the absence of mechanisms and programs intended to heighten their consciousness on Indigenous Peoples rights. The study also showed that a very low percentage of HEIs are inclined to provide education services to the IPs. In addition, HEIs in Nueva Ecija have no existing collaboration with NCIP in regard to programs designed to increase awareness and protection of IPs. The study concluded that after 20 years of IPRA, HEIs in Nueva Ecija lag behind in promoting indigenous peoples rights and protection in the Province.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Jesster Pasule Eduardo, Nueva Ecija University of Science and Technology, Philippines

An Associate Professor, Doctorate Degree holder (Doctor of Philosophy in Criminal Justice Education with Specialization in Criminology and Doctor of Philosophy in Educational Management)


Shrivastava, S. K. (2016). Role of educational institutions in promoting social awareness. International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies (IJIRAS).Volume 3 Issue 13.ISSN: 2394-4404.p. 24-26. /311638875Role_of_Educational_institutions_in_promoting_social_awareness. Retrieved: 10/09/17.

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Article 2 and 5. Published by the United Nations. 10/14/2017.

Mansell, M. (2011). Will the declaration make any difference to Australia’s treatment of aborigines? Griffith Law Review, 20(3), 659–672.

Newcomb, S. (2011). The UN declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples and the paradigm of domination. Griffith Law Review, 20(3), 578–607.

Wiessner, S. (2008). Indigenous sovereignty: A reassessment in light of the UN declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 41, 1141–1176.

(1987). Philippine Constitution. (Article 2, Section 22).

(1987). Philippine Constitution. (Article 13, Section 1).

Section 5, Art. XII, 1987 Philippine Constitution

Section 11, Art. XV, 1973 Philippine Constitution

Section 1, Presidential Decree 1414.

Fernandez, Perfecto. 1983. The legal recognition and protection of interests in ancestral lands of cultural communities in the philippines. In: human rights and ancestral land. UGAT, University of the Philippines, Diliman.

Jon Reyhner, Navin Kumar Singh. Indigenous education in a global context. DOI: 10.1093/OBO/9780199756810-0064. 10/19/2017

(1997). Republic Act No. 8371.The Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997 (IPRA). (Par. h, Section 3.).

Torres, L. (2016). Indigenous peoples in the philippines: Perspectives on inclusion. Retrieved: 11/02/2017.

Lawas, M.A. &Gonzales, DA. N. (2012.). Level of awareness of aetas of their fundamental rights.Philippine Society Journals.Vol. 4, No. 1. article.php?id=6745.ISSN 1908-7349 (Print).Retrieved: 12/16/17.

Sue, D.W. (2013). Race talk: The psychology of racial dialogues. American Psychologist, 68(8): 663-672.

Gay, G. (1994). A synthesis of scholarship in multicultural education. Urban Monograph Series.

Craven, R. G. (2005). Turning points in indigenous education: New findings that can really make a difference and implications for the next generation of indigenous education research. Paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in Education.

Burridge, N., Riordan, G., Aubusson, P., Evans, C., Vaughan, K., Kenney, S., &Chodkiewicz, A. (2009). Evaluation study of professional learning on teacher awareness of Aboriginal cultural knowledge and its impact on teaching: report.

Ty, R. (2010). Indigenous peoples in the philippines: Continuing struggle. FOCUS. December 2010 Volume 62. section2/2010/12/ indigenous-peoples-in-the-philippines-continuing-struggle.html.Retrieved: 12/21/2017.

Kyodo News. (2010). Indigenous peoples in Philippines decry continuing discrimination. ABS-CBN.Posted at Dec 25 2015 06:22 PM. indigenous-peoples-in-philippines-decry-continuing-discrimination. Retrieved:12/27/2017

TEBTEBBA. (2016). Situation of indigenous peoples in the philippines: Submission to the 59th Session of CESCR (Committee in Economic, Social and Cultural Rights). Indigenous Peoples’ International Center for Policy Research and Education Philippines.59th Session.Meeting with Partners.26 September 2016 12/21/17.

Campinha-Bacote, J. (2002). The process of cultural competence in the delivery of healthcare services: A model of care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13, 181-184. doi: 10.1177/10459602013003003.

Champagne, D. (2009), Contemporary Education in State of the World’s Indigenous Peoples, Ch. IV. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, ST/ESA/328.

CliffsNotes.Theories of Education.© 2016 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved. 10/19/17.

Arneil G. Gabriel (2017) Indigenous women and the law: The consciousness of marginalized women in the Philippines. Asian Journal of Women's Studies, 23:2, 250-263, DOI: 10.1080/12259276.2017.1317705.

Aliaga and Gunderson. (2005). Interactive Statistics.‘3rdEdition.https://www.skillsyouneed. com/learn/quantitative-and-qualitative.html. Retrieved: 10/14/17.

Google Map. Province of Nueva Ecija Map. q= map+of+nueva+ecija&dcr=0&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi-jqrvh4jXAhVHmpQKHQCzBacQ_AUICigB&biw=1366&bih=662#imgrc=HR3c_BU6K-z-NM.

Calderon, J. F. (1993). Textbook: method of research and thesis writing. Cacho Hermanos, Inc. Pines cor., Union Sts. Mandaluyong City, Philippines:

How to Cite
Eduardo, J. (2018). Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act (IPRA) of 1997: A Standpoint from Selected Higher Education Institutions in Nueva Ecija After 20 Years. Journal of Progressive Research in Social Sciences, 8(1), 595-613. Retrieved from